Peas are annual plants, with a life cycle of one year. They are a cool-season crop grown in many parts of the world; planting can take place from winter to early summer depending on location. The average pea weighs between 0.1 and 0.36 gram.The immature peas, snow peas the tender pod as well are used as a vegetable, fresh, frozen or canned; varieties of the species typically called field peas are grown to produce dry peas like the shelled from a matured pod. These are the basis of pease porridge and ,staples of medieval cuisine; in Europe, consuming fresh immature green peas was an innovation of early modern cuisine.

These plants need full sun and soil that drains well. They need less fertilizing than many other vegetables, so adding a little compost to the soil before planting is usually adequate. For vining peas, choose a location where they can grow up a trellis or other structure. Peas are cool weather plants.