The white birch is a medium-sized tree that can be 25 metres tall. The tree’s trunk is covered in thin, smooth white bark that peels off in large sheets. Bark from the white birch is very strong and pliable — it can be used to make canoes. Buds, leaves and seeds from the white birch are a great source of food for birds and animals. Leaves from the white birch tree are egg-shaped or triangular in shape and are 5 to 10 centimetres long. They are dull green on top and lighter green and slightly hairy underneath.